The Sanibel Sea School Experience Blog


Learn about Sanibel Island's marine creatures, shells, biology, and more on our blog. To view or search our blog archives, please visit our Explore page. 

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Staff Spotlight: Kristin Hideg

Kristin Hideg recently joined us as Office Coordinator. Learn more about Kristin below, and be sure to say hello to her next time you visit!

Where are you from?

Northeastern Ohio

Where did you go to school and what did you study?

Youngstown State University, where I studied Civil and Environmental Engineering.

What do you like to do during your time off?

I like to craft, explore new places and activities, and read.

Favorite sea creature:

Dolphins

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach?

I like to listen to nature,  the waves, the animals. Music takes away from the tranquility of the beach.

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go?

The Great Barrier Reef

Is there anything else you'd like to share about yourself?

I'm excited to be working for Sanibel Sea School and am glad to be a part of the vision and mission.

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A Sand Dollar Research Update

Sand dollar tests collected by our research team after a tropical storm. 

Sand dollar tests collected by our research team after a tropical storm. 

September 2016 marks one year of Sanibel Sea School conducting sand dollar research on Sanibel. We've had the opportunity to sample the sand dollar populations at two locations, Sundial Beach Resort and Buttonwood Beach, each month except for June and August. 

Researchers measure adult live sand dollars. 

Researchers measure adult live sand dollars. 

We've been collecting data on juvenile size frequency, adult density, and adult size frequency. Over the past year, we've seen changes in the sand dollar distribution at both of our sampling sites, along with changes in the seafloor topography after the tropical storms we've had in the area. 

We've seen a large decrease in the density of juveniles at both locations - meaning there are less juveniles per square meter. We will continue to monitor the growth of last year's settlement.

Soon, we will begin to collaborate with Canterbury School's staff to help with at least 5 science fair projects for both middle and high school Independent Science Research classes. Students will choose a topic of interest related to sand dollars and we will assist them in developing scientific research methods for their projects. 

Below, we share a visual summary of our results. 

Starting in September 2015, the test diameters of a population of sand dollars (M. tenuis) were measured and recorded once a month. Interestingly, it appears our sand dollars have seasonality in their growth; growing fastest in the summer (May, June, and July) and winter (December, January, and February) months.  We also captured the 2016 spring recruitment in May, which is why some very small sand dollars appear as outliers in the figure above. This means a new generation of juveniles was added to the original population, and corresponds with the timing of last year’s recruitment. This year's recruitment appears to be smaller than last year's.

Starting in September 2015, the test diameters of a population of sand dollars (M. tenuis) were measured and recorded once a month. Interestingly, it appears our sand dollars have seasonality in their growth; growing fastest in the summer (May, June, and July) and winter (December, January, and February) months.  We also captured the 2016 spring recruitment in May, which is why some very small sand dollars appear as outliers in the figure above. This means a new generation of juveniles was added to the original population, and corresponds with the timing of last year’s recruitment. This year's recruitment appears to be smaller than last year's.

Over the course of the year, the average test diameter of our sand dollars increased from 23.9 mm in September 2015 to 48.3 mm in August 2016, slightly more than doubling in size. Also, the range of sizes was greater in August than September, possibly indicating a high degree of variation among individual growth rates - put simply, some sand dollars grow faster than others.   

Over the course of the year, the average test diameter of our sand dollars increased from 23.9 mm in September 2015 to 48.3 mm in August 2016, slightly more than doubling in size. Also, the range of sizes was greater in August than September, possibly indicating a high degree of variation among individual growth rates - put simply, some sand dollars grow faster than others.   

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Sanibel Sea School Activates Solar Panels

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Sanibel Sea School Activates Solar Panels

L to R: Dell Jones and Rudy Wodrich of Solar Utility Partners of Estero, Conrad Wodrich, a long-time Sanibel Sea School student, and Dr. Bruce Neill, Sanibel Sea School's Executive Director, pose for a photo with the solar array control panels on activation day. 

L to R: Dell Jones and Rudy Wodrich of Solar Utility Partners of Estero, Conrad Wodrich, a long-time Sanibel Sea School student, and Dr. Bruce Neill, Sanibel Sea School's Executive Director, pose for a photo with the solar array control panels on activation day. 

Sanibel Sea School, in partnership with Dell Jones and Rudy Wodrich of Solar Utility Partners of Estero, recently completed the installation of a rooftop photovoltaic solar array at their Flagship Campus on Periwinkle Way. It is the first commercial installation of its kind on Sanibel, and is expected to generate over 15,000 kWh per year, with an annual energy value of roughly $1800.

Solar panels are installed on the roof of Sanibel Sea School's Flagship Campus, located at 455 Periwinkle Way. 

Solar panels are installed on the roof of Sanibel Sea School's Flagship Campus, located at 455 Periwinkle Way. 

The solar array was partially funded by the Bill Healy Foundation, and Jones and Wodrich worked tirelessly to secure donated and discounted materials for the project from a variety of vendors, in addition to donating their own time to coordinate and oversee the installation. The project will continue to pay for itself in energy savings over the next few years. “After that, we will be able to invest the additional savings to further our mission and give more people meaningful ocean experiences,” said the organization’s Executive Director, Dr. Bruce Neill.

Doc Bruce activates the solar panels. 

Doc Bruce activates the solar panels. 

The Sea School also has plans to add an educational exhibit to teach visitors about solar power and its potential in Florida. “Climate change and ocean acidification caused by excessive greenhouse gas emissions are the largest threats to our seas, so how we choose to generate the electricity we use has a direct impact on ocean health,” said Neill. “It is very important to us as an organization to operate in an ocean-friendly manner, and to inspire other businesses in our community and our state to do the same.” Neill hopes that the solar panels, along with efforts to educate the public about them, will encourage others to consider how they can incorporate solar power into their own lives. 

 

Thank you to those who have supported our solar installation financially and through discounts, in-kind donations, time, ideas, expertise, and more:

The Bill Healy Foundation, Rudy Wodrich, Dell Jones, Solar Utility Partners of Estero, Canadian Solar, Shoals Technology, Fortune Energy, US Solar, Norman J. Scheel, Advance Solar, Sanibel Air and Electric, LCEC, Dan Hahn Custom Builders, Soon Come Landscaping, and the Plank-DiCarlo Family Foundation. 

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Calusa Legends

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Calusa Legends

The history of Southwest Florida is rich with legends and tales about the Calusa way of life. Our Calusa Week campers teamed up with their tribes to write legends of their own, inspired by the brave ocean warriors who once inhabited our islands. Enjoy their storytelling below. 

Calusa Week campers write their own legends. 

Calusa Week campers write their own legends. 

The Legend of Mikawaka

Once upon a time, there was a Calusa village.  There was a chief named Mikawaka. The chief died by a shark bite. In his honor, the village built a huge temple. In the temple they laid gold and junonias around his body.  Sadly, the temple was robbed. The robber was met by the dead chief. The robber’s name was Juan. He was a Spanish conquistador who wanted gold for his armor. The chief came back from the dead because he wanted his gold, and the shark came back with him. The shark and chief were amended as one. The now shark-chief visited Juan’s camp and turned him into a deer. The shark-chief stole his treasure back but little to his knowledge, the deer obtained magical powers. The shark-chief poisoned the deer and Juan finally died. Once dead, and the gold and junonias returned, the villagers ate the deer and the tribe lived in peace with its chief’s temple returned to normal.

The Legend of the Hammerhead Shark

Once upon a time, when the island was young, the Calusa ruled. They traded with other Calusa tribes, and on one of these perilous journeys, suddenly a big storm came. Their canoe was tipped over by a gigantic wave. As the Calusa tried to right their canoe, a giant shark emerged and swallowed two of their own. Before returning to the depths, the beast took one final bite and swam away with the hand of the navigator in its mouth. Since the life of their navigator was essential to their survival, they knew they had to get to shore fast. They prayed to one of their three gods for three tsunami-sized waves and along they came, sweeping the Calusa to shore. Upon the shore, the Calusa encountered another tribe and realized a trade had to be made. They traded fifteen of their biggest lighting whelks for a fishing pole and two horse conchs for some palm fronds to be woven into a bandage for their navigator. As soon as the navigator’s hand stopped bleeding, the Calusa decided it was time to fish for dinner. The first thing they caught was too big for one Calusa to catch on their own, so they all grabbed hold of the fishing pole. Suddenly, they were all pulled into the water and swallowed by a ginormous beluga whale. They were inside the whale for what felt like a year but in reality was only two days. At the end of the second day, the whale began to fill with water and suddenly the Calusa were shot from the blowhole of the beluga whale and on to shore. The Calusa had been returned to their village, but they all wondered how it had happened. Knowing it had probably been the work of the gods, the spiritual leader prayed to the three gods. The Ocean god explained the beluga whale was sent to save them and the gods had punished the shark by smashing its head between two huge rocks. And thus, the hammerhead shark was born and never attacked a Calusa again.

The Legend of Calu

In the beginning, there were the Calusa. The Calusa were a tribe full of warriors. They struggled to stay alive and prosper, until one day, a Calusa warrior named Calu had a great idea.  He looked at many trees, and tried to find the one that would work, but none were big enough. After many years, Calu was about to give up. But suddenly, Calu heard a voice. Three voices in fact. They whispered “Don’t give up”, “You will find the tree”, “Keep searching deep in the woods”. Calu questioned, “Who are you?” and they responded, “We must go, we have no time”, “Goodbye Calu”. As soon as this happened, the wind blew, the ocean crashed, and the sun burned. Calu smashed his hand on the ground in fear. Shaking, Calu decided to set off into the heart of the forest. Walking through the forest alone, Calu heard growls. He could see the members of the enemy tribe, the Wolf Clan. This was the strongest tribe around and Calu was alone. He knew his family was worried about him. Calu had to think quickly. He looked around and all he saw was trees. He did what his tribe is known for and climbed up and up and up until he was on the highest branch. Calu could see everything around him and was amazed to see the tallest tree he had ever seen and the tree promised by the gods. He could hear the wolves beneath him. They were trying to use their sharp claws to climb, and it was working! He was trapped. His only option was to run. He was shivering through a cold sweat. Calu took his first step and found he could run across the trees. The wind whispered, “This is my gift to you”. Calu ran like the wind and made it to the tallest tree. Calu felt the sun get stronger and he felt stronger too. He ripped the tree out and started to run towards his village. Suddenly, he realized that he had reached the ocean and there was nowhere left to run! He heard the wolves behind him and got very scared. But soon, he saw the waves on the ocean calm down and the ocean became still. He tentatively placed the log down on the water and began to paddle the log. He arrived at his home island in no time! He could still hear the wolves howling in the woods. When he stepped onto his island, he heard people shouting his name, and realized that everybody was looking for him. He showed them the huge log and told them about how he paddled it home. Everybody in the village then helped him carve out the log and make a canoe. They didn’t know what to call this new invention but then one person piped up and said, “Let’s call it a canoe because that rhymes with Calu!” Everyone thought that was a great idea. With the help of Calu’s canoe, the Calusa fished, traveled, and made their civilization strong and mighty!

 

 

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Mullet: A Tale of Two Fish

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Mullet: A Tale of Two Fish

Panelists discuss mullet after the film screening. 

Panelists discuss mullet after the film screening. 

On August 25th, Sanibel Sea School hosted a community screening of WGCU Public Media’s Mullet: A Tale of Two Fish, a documentary about the history and future of mullet fisheries in Florida.

Delicious mullet fritters with dill aioli, provided by Sweet Melissa's Cafe. 

Delicious mullet fritters with dill aioli, provided by Sweet Melissa's Cafe. 

Guests enjoyed mullet hors d’oeuvres prepared by Sweet Melissa’s Café, including crackers with mullet dip, cucumber slices topped with goat cheese and smoked mullet, and mullet fritters with a side of dill aioli. Megan Duncan, a marine educator at the Sea School, had never tasted this fish before. “It was really delicious,” she said. “I’m even bringing some leftovers home for my family to try.”

Yali Zawady and John Houston sample the mullet hors d'oeuvres. 

Yali Zawady and John Houston sample the mullet hors d'oeuvres. 

The film screening was followed by a panel discussion, and attendees were invited to ask questions and participate in the conversation. Expert panelists included Dr. Justin Grubich, a fisheries scientist and policy adviser employed by the PEW Charitable Trusts, Oscar Gavin, a longtime Sanibel resident who has caught mullet to feed his family for many decades, Ralph Woodring, a commercial mullet fisherman and lifetime member of the Sanibel community, Jonas Gutierrez, a commercial fisherman who caught the mullet served at the event, and John Talmage, an economist and restaurateur (owner of Sweet Melissa’s and Island Pizza).

Smoked mullet dip served with crackers. 

Smoked mullet dip served with crackers. 

“Our ultimate goal in planning this event was to help the local community understand that Florida’s sustainable seafood fisheries have huge potential for growth,” said Dr. Bruce Neill, Sanibel Sea School’s Executive Director. “Let’s embrace delicious, sustainable species like mullet – caught right here in San Carlos Bay – instead of importing grouper and other popular seafood items from abroad. This supports our local economy and is far better for the planet.”

Angel Seery, a marine educator at Sanibel Sea School, enjoyed the food. 

Angel Seery, a marine educator at Sanibel Sea School, enjoyed the food. 

Participants also engaged in a passionate conversation about our local water quality issues, how they could impact local fisheries, and what we can do as a community to improve the situation.

Lynne and George Campean pose for a photo after the film screening. 

Lynne and George Campean pose for a photo after the film screening. 

A big thank you to all who attended, and to WGCU Public Media, Sweet Melissa’s Café, panel moderator Joy Hazell, and our panelists for making this event possible. Sanibel Sea School is a 501c3 nonprofit. For more information, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org. 

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Calusa Week at Sanibel Sea School

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Calusa Week at Sanibel Sea School

Calusa Week campers at Sanibel Sea School celebrated Southwest Florida’s earliest known inhabitants – the proud and fierce Calusa Indians. Participants divided into tribes and spent the week discovering what it must have been like to live among these legendary people.

We traded beads and shells, built tools and shelters from natural materials, and learned how to weave plates using palm fronds. The Calusa were known to be outstanding water-people, so we also practiced catching fish in our seine nets, snorkeled, and built our own canoe.

The week ended with a particularly fierce surf paddling competition, complete with ceremonial face paint and tribal chants. “Calusa Week is always a favorite among campers,” said Camp Coordinator Nicole Finnicum, “and this year was no different!”

Sanibel Sea School is a 501c3 nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. To learn more, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org.

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A Community Film Screening

On August 25th, 2016, Sanibel Sea School will hold a community screening of Mullet: A Tale of Two Fish. The documentary, part of WGCU Public Media’s Sustainable Seafood Series, provides an overview of the historical and economic significance of this fish in Florida, and its potential to become a more popular source of sustainable protein in the future. 

The screening will be followed by a Q & A session with local mullet experts, including scientists, restaurateurs, and fishermen. Attendees will also have the opportunity to sample mullet hors d’oeuvres, which will be provided by Sweet Melissa’s Café. “We hope the event will encourage people to become more open to trying sustainable seafood options that they might consider unusual,” said Dr. Bruce Neill, Sanibel Sea School’s Executive Director. “Mullet has a bad reputation in the restaurant industry, but it is actually delicious and can be prepared in so many ways. It is a much better choice for the planet than larger predatory fish like tuna, salmon, and grouper.” 

The screening will begin at 6 PM at Sanibel Sea School’s Flagship Campus (455 Periwinkle Way). Space is limited, please click here to reserve your seats. Sanibel Sea School is a 501c3 nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. To learn more, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org.

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Notes from Andros

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Notes from Andros

Our group of coral reef explorers landed on Andros Island, Bahamas on Saturday morning. They have been sending us their stories every evening, which we invite you to read below. We'll continue to update this post throughout the week, so be sure to check back for the latest news!

7/30/16

Good Evening from Andros.

We are all settled in to Forfar Field Station. 

Had a rainy afternoon, fairly uneventful flights over and a great check-out snorkel in the river.

Camp orientation tonight and field trips tomorrow.

We are all safe, sound, and well fed.

All our very best wishes to all of you.

Bruce


7/31/16

Today was our first full day exploring the wonderful reefs that Andros has to offer. We thought the wind was going to be too strong for a boat trip, but this morning it was calm enough for us to go out, thankfully. Our first dive was on a small reef called Dave's Patch Reef. This was used as a scouting dive to be seeing where we will be doing our research and transect studies. We saw lion fish and tons of beautiful corals. After a fun little dive, we came back to Forfar for lunch. After lunch we had some downtime to journal and to go on a beach walk.

Our next outing was to a place called Pigeon Key which is adjacent to Dave's reef. The waves were a bit too rough for us to be able to circum-snorkel the island and explore the caverns like we have done in past years, but we snorkeled around the little cove there and saw many cool things. Goniolithon coral seemed to be the most abundant organism in that area. Helmet shells and Queens Conch's also graced us with their presence. Hopefully the seas will calm down some this week so we can go back- personally it's one of my favorite dive spots. 

Tonight we had a wonderful invertebrate lecture given to us by one of the staff numbers. We learned about the different phylums and the classes of each. This lecture gave us a preview of what we would see this week and what we would be studying/collecting. 

We're looking forward to a fantastic week here in the Bahamas and can't wait to do more exploring!

See you soon,

Emily & the other Bahamian Coral Reefers :)


8/1/16

Our day was filled with many snorkeling adventures. Our first stop was Money Point beach. There were lots of sea urchins that were tucked away in the little crevices of the ocean floor. In the seaweed, we saw sea biscuits, sea stars, and sea eggs. We swam into the shallow water and had to crawl army style through the seaweed. 

Next stop was Morgan's wrecks. Ships were sunk under the water near a cement wall. We practiced free-diving and got to see the inside of the ships through port holes and open doors. Barracuda were floating around the hulls as well as other tiny fish. When we were finished snorkeling around the wrecks, we jumped off the sea walls and played water games.

Uncle Charley's Blue hole was our last water stop. It was a freshwater pool that had sunk down below the surface of the ground. This provided a good place to jump off of and rinse off the seawater. Some of us decided to climb up the rocks instead of using the wooden ladder. A quick stop at a grocery store allowed us to supply our selves with chips and other snacks.

Tonights lecture was about fish and how to properly identify and describe them when we do our surveys. We can't wait to see what tomorrow brings us.

See you at the end of the week.

Brenna and the other Bahamian Campers.


8/2/16

Yesterday was an eventful day full of surprises.  The wind was still blowing strong so we took another day of land-based adventures with new exciting snorkels and beach walks. We all hopped into the vans around 9am and rolled out of ForFar.  Our first location was to a beach called Colors in search of the legendary "One Rock".  While we didn't find the spot we were initially searching for, we strolled over a beautiful sandy flat covered in giant West Indian sea stars and littered with Six-Keyhole sand dollars.  We discovered bunches of creatures living in the grasses and under rocks like long armed brittle stars and a tiny trunk fish that was just bobbling around. 

After our dive, we drove off to a new beach to eat lunch at.  While the lunch location was less than perfect, the shoreline was absolutely beautiful.  After hearing that Dale, a staff member here at ForFar, had supposedly found four Flamingo's Tongue shells in a 50-yard span of beach, a large group of us set of on a beach walk in search of a shell of our own.  Our walk-turned-hike was more than successful, we found lots of Flamingo's Tongues, a few cowries, and some of us were even lucky enough to find Flame Helmets.  However, shells were not the only thing we found on our beach adventure.  ON our walk back we stumbled upon an abandoned cemetery by the water's edge.  

Our next destination was Androsia.  Androsia is a local Batik factory and store.  Unfortunately the factory had already closed for the season but the store was still open for our enjoyment.  When we were all Batik-ed out, the crew decided to try something new and visit Captain Bill's blue hole.  This blue hole was much larger than Uncle Charlie's, the blue hole we explored yesterday, and the jump into its water was much more thrilling.  Holding hands or going solo, we jumped into its waters and played around.  It felt so refreshing to wash off in the fresh water before returning to ForFar. 

When we returned and ate dinner, we were given the opportunity to learn the art of basket weaving from two local women.  We didn't go into it thinking it would be easy, but I think it was much more difficult than many of us were expecting.  I also think some people found there true calling. Basket weaving. 

Overall, yesterday was an adventure filled with exciting discoveries and new sights to see. We're very excited for our up-coming day, we'll see you all at the end of the week!

-Elly and the other Bahamian Campers :)


8/3/16

Today the weather was much calmer today so we spent the day snorkeling from the boat at various different sights. We departed Forfar on the boats at about 9:30 am and arrived at our first stop about half an hour later. The sight was called 'turtle reef' and it offered some fantastic snorkeling on the edge of the barrier reef. The water was slightly deeper here than what we'd been snorkeling in the past couple of days, about 15 ft deep. There was a huge variety of wildlife here, including corals, fish and inverts. Here we saw squid, barracuda and trumpetfish.

After Turtle reef we stopped for lunch at Saddleback Cay right on the beach, the weather was lovely and sunny and the beach offered some shell collecting. We soon went on our way to our next sight called Rat Cay. The water was still quite deep in some areas with a blue hole which featured coral reef formations and some larger fish, there were also some sea grass beds in much shallower water where we found a number of invert species. We also saw stingrays and a Barracuda.

Our final snorkel sight that day was Acropra, here the water was exceptionally clear and looked stunning, you could make out details on the bottom even whilst on the boat. There wasn't much on the sandy bottom near the boat, but the rockier areas nearby offered corals and other invtert species and the clear water made it easier to make things out. We managed to see a nurse shark here, the first shark we've seen this trip. 

On our way back to Forfar we stopped by Dave's patch reef in order to prepare our spot for tomorrow where we'll be carrying out our survey on the species living there. The weather today was certainly in our favour, there wasn't too much wind and the water was reasonably still, which helped visibility. As a result we were able to go to a variety of sights and see a huge amount of biodiversity. Tomorrow we'll be carrying out our research on Dave's patch reef, plenty to look forward to!

-Albert and the other Bahamian Campers


8/4/16

Dear Legal Guardians,

We must inform you we will be returning your children tomorrow evening, I suggest you enjoy your final moments of freedom while they last. As of yesterday these rascals enjoyed a wonderful continental breakfast provided by the local Bahamian staff. After a series of bouts of indigestion I now rely on oatmeal alone to survive. We then proceeded to prepare for a long day of research. After packing our gear we continued to slather each other in sunscreen and prepare for a day of solar radiation. (The previous night we all prepared for this excursion by creating data sheets to record our info on.) The boat ride was short but blissful as the wind provided a small break from the flesh eating bugs swarming every inch of this island. (have lots of after bite lotion ready for us when we return). When we reached Dave's patch reef, the fish team was first to jump in, they were the weakest and used as bait for the sharks. Luckily for them, all survived and they started with their research. Teams would collect data on the reef by following certain transects we had laid out the day before and record it on data sheets we made on water proof pieces of paper. (I didn't know that this existed, but water-proof paper is as mind-blowing as it sounds.) The teams that went in the morning were fish, coral, gorgonians, algae, and sea grass. After research, it was time for the usual delectable lunch and we pulled up the a beach to eat which Elly said looked like a "computer screen saver" because it was so beautiful.  We all passed out into food comas as the excessive amount of imported food sank to the depths of our bowels. After we awakened from our slumber we proceeded to return to the boats and continue with our reef exploration. In the afternoon, both the sponge and invertebrate groups dove into their research (I know, punny). On the boat the remaining campers sprawled out on the bow of the boat in order to cure our vitamin D deficiencies. Our boredom initiated a friendly competition on whether or not you could push your neighbor into the water, turning friends into enemies and enemies into fish bait. On another note, the campers in the water invested themselves in the research and noted every species on the transects in order to gain insight on how marine biologists would survey a reef. After this was finished we headed back to Forfar and worked on our stunning hand-made art projects that any first grader would be proud of. We ate a quick but very caloric dinner of MRE's, which is pretty much a last ditch effort to contradict the impending starvation we have been experiencing. After adding copious amounts of sodium the food was actually quiet tolerable. (but as we found out later, would triple in size in our stomach). With our stomaches stuffed we loaded up our equipment for the night dive. The sky was filled with stars and the new crescent moon shone orange on the horizon of the ocean. However, the real sight was underwater. Barracudas, slipper lobsters, squids, basket stars, and even more creatures occupied the reef and amazed all of us and we looked at them with our flashlights. Even the usually boring sea grass glowed with bioluminescence. It was truly a sight to see. On the way home we nearly caught hypothermia, but the constellations were pretty enough to distract us. Its easy to say we slept well that night. 

The following morning we enjoyed a traditionally southern breakfast of biscuits and gravy and the ever present canned mandarin oranges. As groggy as we were we hopped on the boat and went out to finish our research. Fish and Gorgonians went in for a second source of data and we performed the lion fish sweep. We reenacted scenes from finding dory by performing the seal dive off the from of the boat. Off we went to visit a coral propagation farm, which was pretty cool. A storm was coming through so we headed back to base to have lunch. Before lunch we displayed our art project for the week, mine was an algae colony i knitted using paintbrushes and green twine. (might I mention that this project was knitted 5 minuted before it was supposed to be finished and looked like a giant knotted ball). We all took much needed naps and later went out to a small little ice cream store with a huge variety of 2 flavors. For dinner we had roast, and remarkably, more applesauce. Also we had a good ole campfire, because it wasn't hot enough in the first place. At this fire we were told some very comforting ghost stories that most definitely not keep me up at night. As of now, this story has caught up to the present and we sit here writing this hoping that no ghost is looking over our shoulders disappointed in our run-on sentences. See you soon!!!!

With love, 

Will and Cat

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We Are Ocean Warriors

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We Are Ocean Warriors

Last week, Sanibel Sea School held its first-ever Wahine Toa Stand Up Paddleboarding and Survival Camp for girls. Wahine Toa means “fierce female ocean warrior” in the Hawaiian language, and participants definitely earned that title.

Led by an all-female staff, ten girls ages 13-18 paddled many miles and learned useful survival skills throughout the week. Campers practiced technical paddling skills and water safety, learned to use a compass, and how to create float plans. They also earned CPR and First Aid certification and were taught general automobile maintenance, including how to complete an oil change and fix a flat tire. “We tried to focus on practical skills that will be useful long after the camp week is over,” said Nicole Finnicum, a program leader. “So often we call our dads, brothers, boyfriends, etc. for help in these situations, but these girls will go forward with the confidence that they are fully capable of acting as an emergency first responder or dealing with a car problem on their own.” 

The week culminated in a camp-out on Picnic Island, about two miles from the Sanibel Causeway. Participants paddled out to the island on Thursday afternoon with just a sheet, water, and a military-style Meal Ready-to-Eat. They built a campfire, ate their rations, and slept on top of their paddleboards under the stars. “Someone may or may not have brought the ingredients for s’mores in their backpack,” said camper Addy Rundqwist.

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On the final morning, the group paddled back to the causeway for coffee and donuts before paddling 8 more miles to Doc Ford’s in Fort Myers beach for a celebratory lunch. “Everyone completed the trip,” said Finnicum. “We traveled about 20 miles on our boards during the week, and I was so proud to see the transformation that occurred between Monday and Friday. Most of the girls thought the first short paddle was difficult, but by Friday everyone was so confident and eager to overcome the challenge of one last long paddle. They really pushed themselves and were so supportive of each other.”

Congratulations to everyone who participated!

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Sanibel Sea School is a 501(c)3 nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. To learn more, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org. Thank you to Eileen Fisher and Doc Ford’s for their support of Wahine Toa Week.  

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Adventures in the Florida Keys

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Adventures in the Florida Keys

Campers experience the deep blue water 20 miles offshore. 

Campers experience the deep blue water 20 miles offshore. 

By Elly Rundqwist and Leah Biery

Last week, we traveled to Big Pine Key with thirty-six 11-15 year old campers for our annual Coral Reef Week Expedition. “This is a trip many of our campers look forward to for years,” said Camp Coordinator Nicole Finnicum. “After exploring more local marine habitats during our non-residential summer camps, they get to experience a completely different underwater world alongside many of their camp friends.”

A camper practices freediving.

A camper practices freediving.

Campers loaded their gear into a charter bus and headed south for four days of beachfront camping, snorkeling, and science. Each tent group had a chance to snorkel at Looe Key Reef, a National Marine Sanctuary, where some encountered sharks, schools of sergeant majors, and a goliath grouper. “We spend a lot of time teaching campers how to freedive,” said Johnny Rader, a camp counselor. “It gives them the ability to explore parts of the reef that can’t be seen from the surface and helps them become more comfortable in the ocean.”

A boat ride to Looe Key Reef.

A boat ride to Looe Key Reef.

Participants also spotted sea turtles, an octopus, and a juvenile nurse shark while snorkeling in an old rock quarry, jumped off the boat into the deep blue water offshore, and dove for beautiful cowrie shells under the bridge next to their campsite. Each group participated in a sea urchin embryology lab, using a solar-powered microscope to observe cell division, and dissected clumps of goniolithon in search of small invertebrates. 

Bill Roudebush leads a sea urchin embryology lab with his solar-powered microscope. 

Bill Roudebush leads a sea urchin embryology lab with his solar-powered microscope. 

When it wasn’t raining, evenings were spent around the campfire, playing games, roasting s’mores, and staging nature-inspired fashion shows. “It’s hard to say which campers enjoyed more, the ocean adventures or the fun we had at the campsite,” said counselor Elly Rundqwist. “Either way, the week was definitely a great bonding experience!”

The annual nature-inspired fashion show was enjoyed by all. 

The annual nature-inspired fashion show was enjoyed by all. 

Thanks to Bill and Linda Roudebush for their assistance with embryology labs and cooking for our hungry campers! 

We made a stop at The Turtle Hospital on our way to Big Pine Key. 

We made a stop at The Turtle Hospital on our way to Big Pine Key. 

"Who knew rain could provide such a bonding experience?" said counselor Elly Rundqwist. 

"Who knew rain could provide such a bonding experience?" said counselor Elly Rundqwist. 

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Practicing What I Preach

Several weeks ago, I helped a group of young adult campers push themselves beyond their comfort limit by completing a paddle that was a serious test of endurance. My job was to pilot the chase boat, shepherd our paddlers and offer up water and words of encouragement. On this particular paddle, we were fortunate to have calm seas and balmy weather, so my job really didn’t have much stress, nor much discomfort.

From there, I immediately went to an Island Skills Camp Milk-N-Cookies session for a younger group of campers, where I explained to their parents why, in our camps, we take our kids out of their comfort zone, and how we hope that by pushing kids, we were helping them become stronger individuals and have more rich and full memories. Only the whole time I was pushing young people to the outer limits of their abilities, I was pretty well within my own comfort zone.

It occurred to me that to be able to really extoll the value of being pushed out of our limits of comfort and capability, I needed to do it more often myself. Distant memories of doing this is not enough, I need to live what I preach. So, I decided to arise early the following morning and force myself to undertake my own epic paddle – a 10-mile loop around San Carlos Bay. The first three miles were into a strong headwind, the next three miles were against a strong tidal current, and in all honestly, I don’t really remember the conditions of the next four miles too well. I was tired, sore, and dehydrated; I just put my head down and paddled. It wasn’t fun, and certainly not comfortable, but I made it and was not unhappy with my pace.

When it was over, I was glad to be finished, proud to have accomplished it, and felt like I had again earned the right to lead young people into discomfort, to help them find in themselves strengths they didn’t know existed. We should all push ourselves more often.

 

 

 

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What You Should Know About Water Quality

The brown water we are currently experiencing is colored by tannins, compounds that are released by trees along the Caloosahatchee River. Tannins are also responsible for the coloration of coffee and tea. 

The brown water we are currently experiencing is colored by tannins, compounds that are released by trees along the Caloosahatchee River. Tannins are also responsible for the coloration of coffee and tea. 

This summer we are once again faced with heavy rainfalls and the negative impacts that terrestrial runoff imparts on our estuaries and oceans. As of this writing, we are intermittently experiencing heavy runoff from the Caloosahatchee River.

The sources of our freshwater influx are from the Caloosahatchee River. Some of the water coming down the river originates from Lake Okeechobee, and some of the water comes from the watershed between Lake Okeechobee and San Carlos Bay – from Lee and Hendry Counties.

Much of the water is tinted brown; the coloration comes from chemicals that have leeched out of trees along the river – these are tannins and the compounds that impart the coloration to tea and coffee. The brown coloration is not harmful, and a normal part of our mangrove communities. 

The water that comes out of the Caloosahatchee is usually carrying increased levels of nutrients that wash in from agriculture, urban development, and lawns.  These nutrients can, at times, trigger large growths of planktonic marine algae, typically known as plankton blooms. Some of these plankton bloom species can be harmful to animals, and are called Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs).

Right now, we are not experiencing HABs in our immediate region. We monitor the water quality conditions closely and will be glad to pass along any information we have to you. You can also find updates on beach water quality here

This chronic input of nutrient-laden water has a tremendous impact on our estuaries and adjacent coastal waters, and we need to enact the solutions to stop it. Please insist that all your elected and municipal representatives continue to find solutions to return our waters to sustainable systems. 

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Discovering Life Under a Rock

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Discovering Life Under a Rock

Life Under a Rock Week campers enjoy snorkeling near the Causeway Islands. 

Life Under a Rock Week campers enjoy snorkeling near the Causeway Islands. 

Did you know that rocky shorelines are among the most extreme environments on earth? Sometimes they are submerged under saltwater, and other times they are exposed to the hot sun and dry air. Campers in Sanibel Sea School’s Life Under a Rock Week spent the week exploring the amazing plants and animals that are able to thrive in this constantly changing zone.

Campers show off their tribal "war paint" before the weekly surf paddling race. 

Campers show off their tribal "war paint" before the weekly surf paddling race. 

"Rock flipping" was a favorite activity among this week's explorers. 

"Rock flipping" was a favorite activity among this week's explorers. 

We went “rock flipping” near the Causeway Islands, and uncovered chitons, algae, polychaete worms, crabs, and nudibranchs. We looked at some of these creatures under a microscope and wrote about them in our journals before releasing them back into the bay. We also went snorkeling, ran through a “Crash and Splash” obstacle course, and painted our very own pet rocks. “Campers were amazed by how much life exists among the rocks,” says Nicole Finnicum, “if you just stop and take a closer look, there is so much to see.” 

We found lots of live shells during last week's low tides. 

We found lots of live shells during last week's low tides. 

 

As usual, participants surfed every day, made macramé bracelets and ocean art, and ended the week with a milk and cookies slideshow. Sanibel Sea School is a 501c3 nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. 

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My San Carlos Bay

My San Carlos Bay

Forty square miles, give or take.

On either side of the Causeway

I am on it, or in it, more than 300 days a year; for the past 10 years.

My backyard.

Never the same, not always easy; at times impossible, always good.

Tonight, mercurial water and slate grey skies.

That time of day is hard to name – way past sunset, dark; but it’s still light out on the water.

Almost too far past sunset, to still, be a part of today.

A box of mirrors.

Whose sheen has long ceased to function well, a reflective, liquid pool, stretching to the horizon.

Soft grey clouds smeared thinly across clear skies, still slightly cyanic to the west. 

White light from a crescent moon, just rising, over my back, across the island.

That dull sheen, only the ocean can get, and only when all is still.

“Not a creature stirring, not even a mouse.”

Dead calm. Slack tide. 

The calm permeates my brain and finally, I take notice, that all is different, all is calm. 

I smile, a big dopy smile, which could never be held back.

Step onto liquid sliver, glide across it.

Tonight, against all odds.

She is mine – and only mine.

Not another human, on the water, in my 40 square-miles of San Carlos Bay.

Only a grey, slick, box of liquid grey; all mine

Best Paddle Ever.

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Triple the Fun at Sanibel Sea School

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Triple the Fun at Sanibel Sea School

Sanibel Sea School welcomed a whole herd of happy campers last week, with three camp programs running simultaneously for the first time ever. Kids ages 4-18 enjoyed the opportunity to connect with Sanibel’s unique ecosystems in new and exciting ways.

First-time snorkelers test the waters during Shark Pups Week. 

First-time snorkelers test the waters during Shark Pups Week. 

The youngest campers, ages 4-6, spent Shark Pups Week exploring what it’s like to be a baby shark. Many of them tried snorkeling for the very first time, and swam bravely into the seagrass beds with their counselors in search of baby shark food. A shark pup obstacle course helped us learn about the challenges baby sharks face while growing up, and because the rough texture of a shark’s skin helps her glide through the water, we made our own textured fins and went for a swim!

The Real Deal Shark Week campers paddle in search of sharks. 

The Real Deal Shark Week campers paddle in search of sharks. 

Older campers (ages 6-13) headed over to our campus at Sundial Beach Resort & Spa, where the topic was also sharks. The Real Deal Shark Week was all about celebrating how awesome these apex predators really are, no television required. We practiced shark tooth identification (then made our own shark tooth necklaces!), built life-size shark replicas in the sand, made shark art, and even dissected a shark! Participants were fascinated to learn that sharks have more senses than humans – in addition to our five, they can detect pressure changes with their lateral line and use electroreception to locate prey.

Have Paddleboard, Will Survive campers arrive at Picnic Island for an overnight test of their survival skills. 

Have Paddleboard, Will Survive campers arrive at Picnic Island for an overnight test of their survival skills. 

Have Paddleboard, Will Survive Camp offered plenty of adventures for our teenage campers, who paddled many miles throughout the week and learned both urban and wilderness survival skills – everything from changing a tire to starting a fire! They put these skills to the test with a very rainy camping trip to Picnic Island on Thursday night and an epic Paddle to Doc Ford’s in Fort Myers Beach on Friday. We think it’s safe to say that everyone returned home with a well-deserved sense of accomplishment.

Sanibel Sea School is a 501(c)3 nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. To learn more, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org. 

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Glow My Mind Week

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Glow My Mind Week

Glow My Mind Week campers practice communicating with light.

Glow My Mind Week campers practice communicating with light.

Sanibel Sea School’s Glow My Mind Week was all about creatures that light up the night. Bioluminescence, the emission of light by living organisms, is a common phenomenon in the ocean. Plankton and larger marine invertebrates like jellyfish, squid, and some shrimp species often emit blue or green flashes to scare off predators and attract prey and mates. These flashes are fueled by a compound called luciferin, found in the bodies of bioluminescent animals. When luciferin reacts with oxygen, it produces light.

Campers observe an experiment to understand how catalysts work. 

Campers observe an experiment to understand how catalysts work. 

To explore this concept, campers built their own version of the ocean at night by covering up the windows and painting glow in the dark sea creatures around our classroom, then they participated in an experiment to create their own bioluminescence. We also played games and wrote and performed skits to demonstrate how different sea creatures benefit from their ability to light up.

Mirror tag is the perfect way to show how animals scare predators away using light.

Mirror tag is the perfect way to show how animals scare predators away using light.

Perhaps the most exciting event of the week was the night snorkel. Campers met on the Causeway at 8 PM and, led by counselors, headed out to the seagrass in search of glowing ocean-dwellers. “If you moved your hands around to stir up the water, you could see the plankton lighting up,” said Wade, a snorkeler, “and we saw some really interesting shrimp and fish!”

A lightning whelk discovered on the sandbar.

A lightning whelk discovered on the sandbar.

As always, the week also included surfing, making ocean art, and a milk and cookies slideshow for camp families to enjoy. 

Campers prepare for the weekly surf paddling competition!

Campers prepare for the weekly surf paddling competition!

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Cruising for Sand Dollars Week

Campers created a sand dollar-inspired mandala on the beach.

Campers created a sand dollar-inspired mandala on the beach.

Campers who attended Sanibel Sea School’s Cruising for Sand Dollars Week didn’t allow a few raindrops to put a damper on their fun. We snorkeled along the sandbar in search of live sand dollars, then headed over to the bay to look for these echinoderms’ close relatives – sea urchins, sea stars, and sea cucumbers. We also had a chance to hold tiny fish and seahorses before releasing them back into the seagrass bed.

Rainy weather didn't prevent us from searching for creatures in the bay. 

Rainy weather didn't prevent us from searching for creatures in the bay. 

Participants burrowed in the sand like sand dollars, found fabulous shells washed ashore by the recent storms, and created sand dollar-inspired art in the form of a sand mandala and a giant illustration of the organism’s life cycle. As usual, we surfed every day, made macramé bracelets, and held our traditional Milk and Cookies Slideshow at the end of the week. Counselors and campers agree that the summer camp season is off to a great start.

We found this tiny seahorse in our seine net, then released it back into the seagrass.

We found this tiny seahorse in our seine net, then released it back into the seagrass.

Sanibel Sea School is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. To learn more, visit www.sanibelseaschool.org. 

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10th Summer Camp Season Begins at Sanibel Sea School

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10th Summer Camp Season Begins at Sanibel Sea School

Sanibel Sea School will host its 10th year of Island Skills Camp this year, beginning June 6th. Campers ages 6-13 can choose from 12 weeks of ocean-themed programs including Tiger Shark Week, Hermit Crab Week, and Jumping Mullet Week, where they will learn marine biology and waterman skills like canoeing, seining, and surfing in a field-based setting.

There will also be two weeks for younger children, during which counselors will help 4-6 year olds get comfortable with being in and around the water while learning a few facts about our island’s creatures.

Older campers and teens can choose from expeditions to the Florida Keys and the Bahamas to study coral reefs, Stand Up Paddleboarding and Survival camps (with one week planned just for girls and run completely by female staff – called Wahine Toa), or weekly Counselor-In-Training programs designed to help teens develop their leadership skills.

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“This is a very special year of camp for us,” said Dr. Bruce Neill, the organization’s Executive Director, “Some of our very first campers are now working as counselors, and it’s an amazing thing to see them handing their knowledge and skills down to the next generation of ocean kids.”

Sanibel Sea School is a 501c3 marine conservation nonprofit whose mission is to improve the ocean’s future, one person at a time. Visit our camp page to learn more. 

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Meet our Summer Camp 2016 Team

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Meet our Summer Camp 2016 Team

In addition to the familiar faces many of you already know, we have a fantastic lineup of new summer camp counselors joining us this year, bringing their ocean knowledge and experience from all over the world. They can't wait to meet our campers. Get to know them below...

Jordan Estes, SUP Instructor

Where are you from? I'm originally from Jacksonville, Florida, but have also lived in various places throughout Virginia.

Where did you go to school and what did you study? I studied Hospitality Management at the University of South Florida. 

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? Paddleboarding and the overnight survival trip. 

What do you like to do during your time off? Go paddleboarding with my wife, Liz, and take snorkeling trips to the Florida Keys.

Favorite sea creature: Blue whale. 

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? Anything from the Dave Matthews Band. 

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? Anywhere off the coast of New Zealand. 

Is there anything else you'd like to share about yourself? I'm a certified paddle board instructor with the American Canoe Association, Florida Special Olympics paddle board coach, member of the Southwest Florida SUP Club, I worked as a summer camp director for 7 summers with the Smithsonian National Zoo, and I was a Wilderness Instructor with The Outward School leading 30-day canoe trips for at-risk youth in the state of Florida. I feel my absolute best when I am on the water and when I can share that experience with other people.


Megan Duncan, Counselor

Where are you from? New Mexico

Where did you go to school and what did you study? University Of Hawaii. I have a Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology.

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? I love snorkeling and am really looking forward to exploring the ocean every day and sharing that with our campers.

What do you like to do during your time off? Yoga, biking, playing soccer, cooking and going to the beach.

Favorite sea creature: Nudibranchs!

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? A mix of Indie and Alternative music is what I really enjoy on a sunny beach day.

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? The Great Barrier Reef! Someday I will get there. 

Is there anything else you'd like to share about yourself? I'm new to Florida. I moved here only 3 weeks ago and I am so excited to be here. Before that, I was traveling internationally and also spent time living and working as a marine educator in San Diego.


Bastien Ibri, Counselor

Where are you from? I live in Minnetonka, Minnesota. However, I grew up abroad in places like Chile, Switzerland, and Mexico! I am also a dual French-US citizen. This is a hard question for me. 

Where do you go to school and what do you study? I go to school at Brown University and am probably going to study Applied Mathematics-Economics.

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? I am especially looking forward to Calusa week! It sounds like a huge amount of energy and fun. 

What do you like to do during your time off? Read, go to the beach, relax. I love to swim and play all sorts of sports as well.

Favorite sea creature: An octopus!

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? Probably some Red Hot Chili Peppers mixed with some Jack Johnson. 

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? The Great Barrier Reef in Australia! It's well known, but it can't be beaten.

Is there anything else you'd like to share about yourself? Just that I'm excited to be part of the Ocean Tribe!


Patrick Malloy, Counselor

Where are you from? Cleveland, Ohio.

Where did you go to school and what did you study? Florida Gulf Coast University. I majored in Environmental Studies and minored in Biology.

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? I spent the last six months working at Seacamp in the Florida Keys, and was able to participate in nurse shark tagging during my time there. I have a strong interest in sharks, so I am especially looking forward to the two shark-themed weeks – Shark Pups Week and Tiger Shark Week!

What do you like to do during your time off? I enjoy hanging out at the beach, snorkeling, playing basketball, and going hiking.

Favorite sea creature: Sharks!

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? My favorite band is the Red Hot Chili Peppers, but I also enjoy listening to Jack Johnson, Sublime, and the Foo Fighters.

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? The Great Barrier Reef.


Jesse Woodhull, Counselor

Where are you from? I was born in Durango, Colorado but moved to Fort Myers at a very young age and have lived here ever since.

Where do you go to school and what do you study? I attend Middlebury College as an upcoming Sophomore, and I am an undeclared Psychology major with a possible concentration in Child Development.

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? I’m very excited for Keys Coral Reef week because I have vivid memories of being on the trip as a camper and I’m excited to now get to experience it as a counselor. 

What do you like to do during your time off? I like to spend time with family, friends, and my dog, Remington. This summer I will also be spending free time preparing for Middlebury’s upcoming rowing season and enjoying the beach as much as possible before I return to landlocked and chilly Vermont. 

Favorite sea creature: My favorite sea creature is the royal starfish (or sea star) because it is beautifully colored and is one of the only species of sea star that eats its prey whole. 

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? In my opinion the best music for a weekend at the beach is Hozier’s eponymous album or anything by Lake Street Dive. 

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? I’d love to visit anywhere from the shore to the Marianas Trench. Each different region and depth offers new amazing species to be observed and enjoyed, so I don’t think I can choose just one.

Is there anything else you'd like to share about yourself? I began attending Sx3 as a camper the summer after 4th grade, and not one summer has passed since then where I have not attended or worked at a week or more of Sea School. I still remember some of the counselors and CITs who worked here when I was a camper, and I’m so excited to now be a part of the learning process for this summer’s campers. 


Simon Carroll, Counselor

Where are you from? Portland, Maine.

Where did you go to school and what did you study? I went to FIT in Melbourne, FL and Boston College in Boston. I've studied a variety of things, including Ocean Engineering, Oceanography, Physics, and History - my full degree is in History. 

Is there a camp activity or week that you're looking most forward to? I like activities that involve surfing or snorkeling. 

What do you like to do during your time off? I love writing and drawing. I have a number of stories in the works, some written and some drawn. 

Favorite sea creature: Hmmmm a favorite creature.... today maybe a gar? Yeah, I'll go with gar. 

What's the best music for a weekend at the beach? Classical or heavy metal, whichever suits my mood. 

If you could visit any marine ecosystem on the planet, where would you go? It's a tie between the Great Barrier Reef and the kelp forests of the Pacific Northwest. 

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Sanibel Sea School Receives Grant from Charitable Foundation of the Islands

Sanibel Sea School has been selected by the Charitable Foundation of the Islands to receive a 2016 Capacity Grant. This grant will make it possible for the nonprofit organization to hire an independent consultant to observe and evaluate management structure, facilitate strategic planning, and make suggestions that will increase staff effectiveness in areas like marketing and development as the organization grows. 

The Charitable Foundation of the Islands’ mission is to help people in need on Sanibel and Captiva, to promote philanthropy, and to strengthen nonprofit organizations that will build a spirit of community for generations to come. They do this through the distribution of annually raised and permanently endowed funds. 

The foundation’s Capacity-Building Initiative aims to help nonprofits accomplish work that requires time, energy, expertise, and innovative thinking beyond everyday operations. “Having a local foundation like CFI is so meaningful, because it allows island nonprofits like Sanibel Sea School to better fulfill our missions with local support,” said Dr. Bruce Neill, Sanibel Sea School’s Executive Director, “It really is a demonstration of how special the Sanibel community is.”

 

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